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The History of London

London is right now the seat of the Government of the UK as well as the country’s fiscal heart. It is nestled about the banks of the River Thames within southeast Britain. The city of London was initially started by the Romans in 43 AD and they controlled there till the 5th century AD, as soon as the Roman Empire declined. The Romans named it Londinium and it had a populace then of around 50,000. It had been a significant trading port. Londinium declined during the 5th century resulting from recurring Anglo-Saxon attacks. In the 8th century London became the capital of the Kingdom of Essex. There have been quite a few Viking attacks throughout the ninth century with plenty of suffering in that time. Danish settlers next established themselves in the area bringing about a boost in commerce and companies in the city. Since the wealth and power of this growing metropolitan centre improved it enticed the attention from the Danish Great Heathen Army that took control of the town and seized by King Alfred the Great in 886. Following the Norman invasion and defeating of England in 1067, the revolutionary King of England, William Duke of Normandy set up the city’s existing legal rights, laws as well as privileges. William Duke additionally constructed the Tower of London. From that point in 1199, King John strengthened the city’s self-government. From 1215 the city was able to choose a new mayor annually.

During the fourteenth and 15th century, London’s port evolved into a European centre for the distribution of commodities, especially as a result of commerce in textiles. In the sixteenth to 17th century under rule with the Tudors, London took advantage of the centralized politics along with the greater ocean going trade that was carried on with the Stuarts. During this period London had 100,000 occupants and by the mid-seventeenth century the population had increased to over 500,000. By 1665, the city’s bad dwelling conditions because of inferior city planning ended up accountable for the Great Plague taking hold that killed around 70,000 individuals. The subsequent year, a big fire burned down most of the city. The reconstruction of London took over decade to end, with all the growth and development of significant buildings such as St. Paul’s Cathedral heightened the selling point of the city. This led to the city growing to be the hub of British social life with castles, halls, theatres and galleries incomparable anywhere else. The city grew even larger, especially with the establishment for the Bank of England in 1694 that brought about London’s growth as a major financial location.

Most of current London originates from the Victorian time period. The Industrial Revolution attracted huge numbers of people to London, greatly growing the city with the inhabitants growing from 700,000 in 1750 to in excess of 4,500,000 in 1901. These too high of a population density problems would lead to the 1832 cholera epidemic along with the smell in 1858 because of sewer issues within the high temperatures. Following a steady time period without a great deal of difference in the populace of the capital did start to drop at the end of WWI and fell below 3.5 million by 1950. Bordering suburban areas increased steadily during that time period. Back in 1963 London was separated into local government areas in the original town and a further thirty-two metropolitan boroughs encircling this.