The Caribbean represents an island group of 28 island nations that attracts travellers to it having a selection of idyllic exotic escapes located in the Caribbean Sea. Each of those nations features something unique with it to offer mostly based on their natural splendor of both the land and waters that surround the coastlines. The Caribbean may be known as one of the world’s most biologically diversified maritime areas, being the place to find iconic creatures and has numerous prone coastal areas that are suffering with just what environmentalists consider a troubling decline. The Caribbean also offers an abundant history and culture, possessing some significant sites dating back to forgotten previous civilizations. In addition to that social variety, the islands has an diverse culinary scene. There are flavours from all the world’s continents in the region’s cuisine.
The leading different languages spoken in the area are Spanish, French, English, Dutch, Haitian Creole, and Papiamento. Each Caribbean country incorporates a handful of unique creole languages or dialects. The region has a primarily tropical landscape with the climates being shaped by water temperatures and rain, with the storm season often bringing about natural disasters. One of the most intense was the Great Hurricane in 1780 where it has been estimated that 20 000 to 30000 individuals were killed. Severe weather continue to happen with a regularity. Because of this tropical environment along with the low lying island landscape, the Caribbean countries are generally in danger of quite a few climate change effects for example the increased hurricane intensity, saltwater incursion, rising sea levels and also deterioration of the shoreline. These types of climatic conditions changes should have critical impacts and substantially alter the economies of the islands, in particular the main economies of agriculture and tourism.
The native people have occupied the Caribbean since at least 3600 B.C.. Not long after the adventurer, Chris Columbus arrived at the Caribbean in 1492 subsequent adventurers from both Portugal and Spain began declaring territories in South and Central america and settling them. Because of this European colonization the native inhabitants was swiftly decimated as a result of imposed brutal manual work practices, enslavement, and diseases on a lot of of the islands. These native people were soon replaced by enslaved Africans. These types of original settlements exported gold to England, the Netherlands, as well as France that each had wished to establish rewarding colonies in the Caribbean. Most of these colonial rivalries made the region an origin for European battles for centuries. The area was war-torn during most of its colonial history, however the conflicts were more frequently situated in Europe, with only small battles actually fought in the Caribbean. The Caribbean has been known for pirates, in particular in between 1640 and 1680 with the name “buccaneer” often getting used to explain a pirate operating in this region. Starting with the independence of Haiti from France in early 1800s along with the subsequent decrease of slavery in the 19th century the majority of the island countries in the Caribbean progressively attained independence in the 50s and 60’s. Since the location is in close proximity to the USA, there’s also a long history of USA interference politically, militarily and monetarily.