Christchurch is the city in the province of Canterbury in the South Island of New Zealand that is oftentimes termed as one of the most English city beyond England. Christchurch is also also known as the Garden City since it has numerous beautiful gardens. The urban region contains a population of just below 400 000, making it the second largest city in New Zealand after Auckland. The Avon River passes via the centre of the city with many different parks situated along its banks with Hagley Park being a central characteristic of the city. In the middle of Christchurch is Cathedral Square with the landmark Anglican church that is presently being repaired because of earthquake deterioration.
The farming and agricultural market is the economic root of Christchurch and the majority of the first industry there was set up to service that. Travel and leisure has become another sizeable factor for the local economy, with the city marketing itself as a gateway to the South Island featuring its stunning surroundings, skiing as well as adventure tourism. Christchurch is also the hub for the Antarctic, with the city developing a long history of participation in Antarctic research. It has an International Antarctic Centre that provides both base services along with a museum that has a visitors centre. The United States Navy utilizes Christchurch Airport as the hub point for the main supply route to its McMurdo as well as Scott Bases that are in Antarctica.
There is some information that people first settled in the Christchurch area in about 1250. Settlement became popular early in 1840 following the purchase of land in what is currently Riccarton by the Weller brothers and a group of European settlers led by Herriott and McGillivray established themselves in what is now Christchurch, at the beginning of 1840. The Canterbury Association sailed The First Four Ships to convey 792 of the Canterbury Pilgrims to Lyttelton Harbour. The sailing vessels were the Randolph, Charlotte Jane, Sir George Seymour, and Cressy. The Charlotte Jane got there to begin with on 16 December 1850. These Canterbury Pilgrims desired to construct a city about a cathedral in accordance with the model of Christ Church in Oxford, UK, and so the name of Christchurch.
Numerous critical incidents have shaped Christchurch. In 1947, a fire transpired at Ballantyne’s Department Store within the central city with 41 individuals were killed in a blaze that burnt down a number of buildings. It remains New Zealand’s worst fire tragedy. In between September 2010 and January 2012 the city suffered a series of major earthquakes with the most severe happening on Tuesday 22 February 2011 when 185 individuals were killed and thousands of structures collapsing or suffering serious problems. Following the earthquakes in excess of 1500 buildings in the city ended up being demolished, resulting in a still continuing recuperation and restoring project. The city did undergo some rapid growth after the recovery started. On 15 March 2019, fifty one individuals were killed in the course of two terrorist episodes at the Al Noor Mosque and Linwood Islamic Centre by a white supremacist whom come in from from Australia. These terrorist violence have been referred to by the Prime Minister of New Zealand, Jacinda Ardern as “One of New Zealand’s darkest days”.